7 Different Types of Laws Explained

It is essential to have a set of rules and regulations to maintain justice and equality in society. Our constitution has civil law, criminal law, human rights law, etc., and we can choose one of them to study law. In this blog, we will discuss the different types of laws and many law courses and degrees. Common Law is a system of law based on precedents and custom. Civil Law is the legal system that deals with private relations between members of a community rather than criminal, military or religious matters.

Criminal Law revolves around people who commit a crime and break the law. This type of law is established by law and has three elements: the act, the individual's state of mind, and causality. There are different levels of crime: felonies, misdemeanors, incipient crimes and crimes of strict liability. Corporate Law includes everything related to a client's business affairs. Corporate lawyers work with a combination of small, medium and business companies to ensure that they operate in a manner consistent with the law.

This includes drafting contracts, intellectual property, managing and eliminating the risk of liability, and keeping up to date with regulatory laws. Labor Law mainly covers regulations or mandates between employers and employees. Think about Fair Labor Standards, the Age Discrimination in Employment Act, or the Family Medical Leave Act. On the other hand, labor laws focus on unions and the negotiation of employee rights. Family and Child Law focuses on issues related to adoptions, child support, domestic abuse, divorce, prenuptial agreements, and more. Like other practice areas, it may be best for family lawyers to specialize in criminal or immigration law, especially involving domestic or citizenship-related abuse of a child. Healthcare Law is one of the most important industries in the United States.

As such, health law and lawyers are lucrative to regulate the complex system. This particular area of law is very broad and covers a variety of cases. Health law includes medical negligence, abuse cases, insurance fraud, mergers, acquisitions, and more. Tax Laws are established and regulated by the Internal Revenue Service (IRS). Taxes may be a problem for individuals at the beginning of the year but they can be an even bigger headache for companies that operate within several entities.

Tax law includes income taxes, capital gains and tax evasion. Whether you're interested in learning about different practice areas or are looking to diversify your practice, here's a list of the seven types of laws: Common Law, Civil Law, Criminal Law, Corporate Law, Labor Law, Family & Child Law, Healthcare Law and Tax Law.