Congress has enacted an estimated 200 to 600 statutes during each of its 115 biennial terms, resulting in more than 30,000 statutes since 1789. State legislatures can remove their governors and other state officials, and many local governments have impeachment procedures. The US government is authorized to pass all laws necessary and appropriate to carry out its powers and all other powers conferred by the Constitution. In addition, no soldier can be quartered in any house without the owner's consent, except in times of war as prescribed by law. To learn about federal laws and regulations, one can turn to the agencies responsible for enforcing them. Congress can also pass general laws that dictate how such laws, records, and procedures will be tested and their effects.
In the event of the president's removal from office, death, resignation or incapacity to perform their duties, the vice president will take over until the disability is removed or a new president is elected. Money cannot be withdrawn from the Treasury without an appropriation made by law; a periodic statement and account of all public money income and expenditure must also be published. If outdated laws were eliminated, it is likely that the number of laws would be reduced by half. This effort, led by Ronald Gainer of the Justice Department, is considered the most comprehensive attempt to count federal criminal laws. In common law lawsuits with a dispute value exceeding twenty dollars, the right to a trial by jury must be preserved and no fact judged by a jury can be re-examined in any court in the US according to common law rules. The times, places and manner of holding elections for senators and representatives are prescribed by each state's legislature; however, Congress can pass or modify such regulations at any time except with regard to senatorial election places.
The author criticized a legal system where lawsuits could last for years, bankrupting those seeking justice. The court decided that state laws that segregated public school students by race violated the 14th Amendment when the militia was called upon to enforce Union laws, suppress insurrections and repel invasions.